Reference > Roget’s > International Thesaurus > 830. Painfulness.
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Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.
 
Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section II. Personal Affections
1. Passive Affections
 
830. [Capability of Giving Pain.] Painfulness.
 
  
NOUN:PAINFULNESS &c. adj.; trouble, care (pain) [See Pain]; trial, affliction, infliction; cross, blow, stroke, burden, load, curse; bitter -pill, - draft or draught, - cup; cup -, waters- of bitterness.
  ANNOYANCE, grievance, nuisance, vexation, mortification, sickener [rare], worry, bore, bother, pother, hot water, “sea of troubles” [Hamlet], hornet’s nest, plague, pest.
  source of -irritation, - annoyance; wound, sore subject, skeleton in the closet; thorn in -the flesh, - one’s side; where the shoe pinches, gall and wormwood; fly in the ointment; worm at the heart of the rose; crumpled rose-leaf; pea in the shoe.
  cancer, ulcer, sting, thorn; canker (bane) [See Bane]; scorpion (evildoer) [See Evildoer]; dagger (arms) [See Arms]; scourge &c. (instrument of punishment) [See Scourge]; carking care [archaic], canker worm of care.
  mishap, misfortune (adversity) [See Adversity]; désagrément [F.], esclandre [F.], rub.
  sorry sight, heavy news, provocation; affront [See Disrespect]; “head and front of one’s offending” [Othello].
  INFESTATION, molestation; malignity (malevolence) [See Malevolence].
  
VERB:PAIN, hurt, wound; cause -, occasion -, give -, bring -, induce -, produce -, create -, inflict- pain [See Pain].
  pinch, prick, gripe &c. (physical pain) [See Physical Pain]; pierce, lancinate, cut.
  hurt -, wound -, grate upon -, jar upon- the feelings; wring -, pierce -, lacerate -, break -, rend- the heart; make the heart bleed; tear -, rend- the heartstrings; draw tears from the eyes; add a nail to one’s coffin.
  SADDEN; make unhappy [See Pain]; plunge into sorrow, grieve, fash [Scot.], afflict, distress; cut up [colloq.], cut to the heart.
  ANNOY, incommode, displease, discompose, trouble, disquiet; faze [U. S.], feeze or feaze [colloq., U. S. & dial. Eng.], disturb, cross, thwart, perplex, molest; tease, tire, irk, vex, mortify, wherret [obs.], worry, plague, bother, pester, bore, pother, harass, harry, badger, heckle [Brit.], bait, beset, infest, persecute, importune.
  TORMENT, wring, harrow, torture; bullyrag; put to the -rack, - question; break on the wheel, rack, scarify; cruciate [obs.], crucify; convulse, agonize; barb the dart; plant a - dagger in the breast, - thorn in one’s side.
  IRRITATE, provoke, sting, nettle, try the patience, pique, fret, roil, rile [colloq. & dial.], tweak the nose, chafe, gall; sting -, wound -, cut- to the quick; aggrieve, affront, enchafe [obs.], enrage, ruffle, sour the temper; give offense (resentment) [See Resentment].
  MALTREAT, bite, snap at, assail; smite (punish) [See Punishment]; bite the hand that feeds one.
  REPEL, revolt; sicken, disgust, nauseate; disenchant, offend, shock, stink in the nostrils; go against -, turn- the stomach; make one sick, set the teeth on edge, go against the grain, grate on the ear; stick in one’s -throat, - gizzard [colloq.]; rankle, gnaw, corrode, horrify, appal, freeze the blood; make the flesh creep, make the hair stand on end; make the blood -curdle, - run cold; make one shudder.
  HAUNT, haunt the memory; weigh -, prey- on the -heart, - mind, - spirits; bring one’s gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
  
ADJECTIVE:PAINFUL, causing pain, hurting &c. v.; hurtful (bad) [See Badness]; dolorific or dolorifical, dolorous.
  UNPLEASANT, unpleasing, displeasing, disagreeable, unpalatable, bitter, distasteful, unpleasing, uninviting; unwelcome, undesirable, undesired; obnoxious; unacceptable, unpopular, thankless.
  UNTOWARD, unsatisfactory, unlucky, inauspicious, ill-starred, uncomfortable.
  DISTRESSING; afflicting, afflictive; joyless, cheerless, comfortless, dismal, disheartening; depressing, depressive; dreary, melancholy, grievous, piteous, woeful, rueful, mournful; deplorable, pitiable, lamentable, sad, affecting, touching, pathetic.
  IRRITATING, provoking, stinging, annoying, aggravating [colloq.], exasperating, mortifying, galling; unaccommodating, invidious, vexatious; troublesome, tiresome, irksome, wearisome; plaguing, plaguesome, plaguy [colloq.]; awkward.
  IMPORTUNATE; teasing, pestering, bothering, harassing, worrying, tormenting, carking [archaic].
  INSUFFERABLE, intolerable, insupportable, unbearable, unendurable; past bearing; not to be -borne, - endured; more than flesh and blood can bear; enough to -drive one mad, - provoke a saint, - make a parson swear [colloq.], - try the patience of Job.
  SHOCKING, terrific, grim, appalling, crushing; dreadful, fearful, frightful; thrilling, tremendous, dire; heartbreaking, heart-rending, heart-wounding, heart-corroding, heart-sickening; harrowing, rending.
  ODIOUS, hateful, execrable, repulsive, repellent, abhorrent; horrid, horrible, horrific, horrifying; offensive; nauseous, nauseating; disgusting, sickening, revolting; nasty; loathsome, loathful; fulsome; vile (bad) [See Badness]; hideous [See Ugliness].
  ACUTE, sharp, sore, severe, grave, hard, harsh, cruel, biting, caustic; cutting, corroding, consuming, racking, excruciating, searching, searing, grinding, grating, agonizing; envenomed; catheretic, pyrotic.
  CUMBROUS, cumbersome, burdensome, onerous, oppressive.
  DESOLATING, withering, tragical, disastrous, calamitous, ruinous.
  
ADVERB:PAINFULLY &c. adj.; with pain [See Pain]; deuced or deucedly [slang]; under torture, in agony, out of the depths.
  
INTERJECTION:woe’s me! alas! that I had ever been born! hinc illæ lacrimæ! [Terence].
  
QUOTATIONS:
  1. Surgit amari aliquid.
  2. The place being too hot to hold one.
  3. The iron entering into the soul.
  4. He jests at scars that never felt a wound.—Romeo and Juliet
  5. I must be cruel only to be kind.—Hamlet
  6. What deep wounds ever closed without a scar?—Byron
  7. Every despot must have one disloyal subject to keep him sane.—Shaw
  8. Upon the bitter iron there is peace.—Masefield

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