Reference > World Factbook, 2008
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD · COUNTRY INDEX · FLAG INDEX · MAP INDEX
  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Military—note
 
 
CountryMilitary—note
AkrotiriAkrotiri has a full RAF base, Headquarters for British Forces on Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit
American Samoadefense is the responsibility of the US
Andorradefense is the responsibility of France and Spain
Anguilladefense is the responsibility of the UK
Antarcticathe Antarctic Treaty prohibits any measures of a military nature, such as the establishment of military bases and fortifications, the carrying out of military maneuvers, or the testing of any type of weapon; it permits the use of military personnel or equipment for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes
Argentinathe Argentine military is a well-organized force constrained by the country's prolonged economic hardship; the country has recently experienced a strong recovery, and the military is now implementing "Plan 2000," aimed at making the ground forces lighter and more responsive (2005)
Arubadefense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsdefense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force
Barbadosthe Royal Barbados Defense Force includes a land-based Troop Command and a small Coast Guard; the primary role of the land element is to defend the island against external aggression; the Command consists of a single, part-time battalion with a small regular cadre that is deployed throughout the island; it increasingly supports the police in patrolling the coastline to prevent smuggling and other illicit activities (2005)
Bermudadefense is the responsibility of the UK
Bouvet Islanddefense is the responsibility of Norway
British Indian Ocean Territorydefense is the responsibility of the UK; the US lease on Diego Garcia expires in 2016
British Virgin Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the UK
Cayman Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the UK
Christmas Islanddefense is the responsibility of Australia
Clipperton Islanddefense is the responsibility of France
Cocos (Keeling) Islandsdefense is the responsibility of Australia; the territory has a five-person police force
Cook Islandsdefense is the responsibility of New Zealand, in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request
Coral Sea Islandsdefense is the responsibility of Australia; visited regularly by the Royal Australian Navy; Australia has control over the activities of visitors
CubaMoscow, for decades the key military supporter and supplier of Cuba, cut off almost all military aid by 1993
Dhekeliaincludes Dhekelia Garrison and Ayios Nikolaos Station connected by a roadway
European UnionIn November 2004, the EU heads of government signed a "Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe" that offers possibilities for increased defense and security cooperation. If ratified, this treaty will give operational effect to the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), approved in the 2000 Nice Treaty. Despite limits of cooperation for some EU members, development of a EU military planning unit is likely to continue. The planning unit will support the EU Rapid Reaction Force, which EU ministers have said will deploy 2 "battle groups" in January 2007. France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Italy continue to press for wider coordination. The 5-nation Eurocorps - created in 1992 by France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, and Luxembourg - has already deployed troops and police on peacekeeping missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and assumed command of the ISAF in Afghanistan in August 2004. Eurocorps directly commands the 5,000-man Franco-German Brigade, the Multinational Command Support Brigade, and EUFOR, which took over from SFOR in Bosnia in December 2004. Individual EU nations made commitments to provide 67,100 troops following the December 1999 EU summit in Helsinki. Some 56,000 troops from EU member states were actually deployed on various international operations in 2003. In August 2004, the new European Defense Agency, tasked with promoting cooperative European defense capabilities, began operations. In November 2004, the EU Council of Ministers formally committed to creating 13 1,500-man battle groups by the end of 2007, to respond to international crises on a rotating basis. Twenty-two of the EU's 25 nations have agreed to supply troops. France, Italy, and the UK formed the first of 3 battle groups in 2005. In May 2005, Norway, Sweden and Finland agreed to establish one of the battle groups, possibly to include Estonia forces. The remaining 9 groups are to be formed in 2007. A rapid-reaction naval EU Maritime Task Group was stood up in March 2007. (2005)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)defense is the responsibility of the UK
Faroe Islandsdefense is the responsibility of Denmark
French Polynesiadefense is the responsibility of France
French Southern and Antarctic Landsdefense is the responsibility of France
Georgiaa CIS peacekeeping force of Russian troops is deployed in the Abkhazia region of Georgia together with a UN military observer group; a Russian peacekeeping battalion is deployed in South Ossetia
Gibraltardefense is the responsibility of the UK; the Royal Gibraltar Regiment replaced the last British regular infantry forces in 1992
Greenlanddefense is the responsibility of Denmark
Guamdefense is the responsibility of the US
Guernseydefense is the responsibility of the UK
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsdefense is the responsibility of Australia; Australia conducts fisheries patrols
Holy See (Vatican City)defense is the responsibility of Italy; ceremonial and limited security duties performed by Pontifical Swiss Guard
Hong Kongdefense is the responsibility of China
Icelandunder a 1951 bilateral agreement, Iceland's defense was provided by a US-manned Icelandic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered in Keflavik; in October 2006, all US military forces in Iceland were withdrawn; nonetheless, the US and Iceland signed a Joint Understanding to strengthen their bilateral defense relationship, including regular security consultations, military communications in the event of national emergencies, annual bilateral exercises on Icelandic territory, and future bilateral and NATO support to four Iceland Air Defense System (IADS) radar sites
Isle of Mandefense is the responsibility of the UK
Jan Mayendefense is the responsibility of Norway
Jerseydefense is the responsibility of the UK
KiribatiKiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
LaosLaos is one of the world's least developed countries; the Lao People's Armed Forces are small, poorly funded, and ineffectively resourced; there is little political will to allocate sparse funding to the military, and the armed forces' gradual degradation is likely to continue; the massive drug production and trafficking industry centered in the Golden Triangle makes Laos an important narcotics transit country, and armed Wa and Chinese smugglers are active on the Lao-Burma border (2005)
Lesothothe Lesotho Government in 1999 began an open debate on the future structure, size, and role of the armed forces, especially considering the Lesotho Defense Force's (LDF) history of intervening in political affairs
Liechtensteindefense is the responsibility of Switzerland
Macaudefense is the responsibility of China
MaldivesMaldives has no regular armed forces; the Maldives National Defense Force (MNDF) includes ground forces, the Coast Guard, and a small, undermanned air element; with its small size and with little servable equipment, the MNDF is inadequate to prevent external aggression and is primarily tasked to reinforce the Maldives Police Service (MPS) and ensure security in the exclusive economic zone (2007)
Marshall Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the US
Mayottedefense is the responsibility of France; a small contingent of French forces is stationed on the island
Micronesia, Federated States ofdefense is the responsibility of the US
Monacodefense is the responsibility of France; the Palace Guard performs ceremonial duties (2003)
MontenegroMontenegrin plans call for the establishment of a fully professional armed forces
Montserratdefense is the responsibility of the UK
NauruNauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia
Navassa Islanddefense is the responsibility of the US
Netherlands Antillesdefense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
New Caledoniadefense is the responsibility of France
Niuedefense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Norfolk Islanddefense is the responsibility of Australia
Northern Mariana Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the US
Palaudefense is the responsibility of the US; under a Compact of Free Association between Palau and the US, the US military is granted access to the islands for 50 years, but no military forces are stationed there (2005)
Panamaon 10 February 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; in October 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force, but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"
Paracel Islandsoccupied by China
Pitcairn Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the UK
Puerto Ricodefense is the responsibility of the US
Saint Barthelemydefense is the responsibility of France
Saint Helenadefense is the responsibility of the UK
Saint Martindefense is the responsibility of France
Saint Pierre and Miquelondefense is the responsibility of France
SamoaSamoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
San Marinodefense is the responsibility of Italy
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome and Principe's army is a tiny force with almost no resources at its disposal and would be wholly ineffective operating unilaterally; infantry equipment is considered simple to operate and maintain but may require refurbishment or replacement after 25 years in tropical climates; poor pay, working conditions, and alleged nepotism in the promotion of officers have been problems in the past, as reflected in the 1995 and 2003 coups; these issues are being addressed with foreign assistance aimed at improving the army and its focus on realistic security concerns; command is exercised from the president, through the Minister of Defense, to the Chief of the Armed Forces staff (2005)
South Africawith the end of apartheid and the establishment of majority rule, former military, black homelands forces, and ex-opposition forces were integrated into the South African National Defense Force (SANDF); as of 2003 the integration process was considered complete
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the UK
Spratly IslandsSpratly Islands consist of more than 100 small islands or reefs of which about 45 are claimed and occupied by China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam
Svalbarddemilitarized by treaty on 9 February 1920
Tokelaudefense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Turkeyin the early 1990s, the Turkish Land Force was a large but badly equipped infantry force; there were 14 infantry divisions, but only one was mechanized, and out of 16 infantry brigades, only six were mechanized; a subsequent overhaul has produced highly mobile forces with greatly enhanced firepower in accordance with NATO's new strategic concept (2005)
Turks and Caicos Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the UK
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refugesdefense is the responsibility of the US
Virgin Islandsdefense is the responsibility of the US
Wake Islanddefense is the responsibility of the US; the US Air Force is responsible for overall administration and operation of the island; the launch support facility is administered by the US Missile Defense Agency (MDA)
Wallis and Futunadefense is the responsibility of France
Yemena Coast Guard was established in 2002

CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD · COUNTRY INDEX · FLAG INDEX · MAP INDEX
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
 
Loading
Click here to shop the Bartleby Bookstore.

Shakespeare · Bible · Strunk · Anatomy · Nonfiction · Quotations · Reference · Fiction · Poetry
© 1993–2014 Bartleby.com · [Top 150] · Subjects · Titles · Authors