Reference > World Factbook, 2008
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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Population
 
 
CountryPopulation
Afghanistan31,889,923 (July 2007 est.)
Akrotiriapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania3,600,523 (July 2007 est.)
Algeria33,333,216 (July 2007 est.)
American Samoa57,663 (July 2007 est.)
Andorra71,822 (July 2007 est.)
Angola12,263,596 (July 2007 est.)
Anguilla13,677 (July 2007 est.)
Antarcticano indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 28 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); these stations' population of persons doing and supporting science or engaged in the management and protection of the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,000 in summer to 1,000 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region; peak summer (December-February) population - 3,944 total; Argentina 417, Australia 200, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 15, Chile 224, China 70, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 122, Germany 78, India 65, Italy 113, Japan 125, South Korea 60, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Romania 13, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 28, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 205, US 1,293, Uruguay 60 (2006-2007); winter (June-August) station population - 1,077 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 88, China 29, France 37, Germany 9, India 25, Italy 2, Japan 40, South Korea 15, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2006); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs: year-round stations - 37 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 3, China 2, France 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1, Italy and France jointly 1 (2005); seasonal-only (summer) stations - 16 total; Bulgaria 1, Chile 1, Czech Republic 1, Ecuador 1, Finland 1, Germany 1, Italy 1, Japan 1, Norway 1, Peru 1, Romania 1, Russia 1, Spain 2, Sweden 1, UK 1 (2006-2007); in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (July 2007 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda69,481 (July 2007 est.)
Argentina40,301,927 (July 2007 est.)
Armenia2,971,650 (July 2007 est.)
Aruba100,018
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-1999 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2007 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island
Australia20,434,176 (July 2007 est.)
Austria8,199,783 (July 2007 est.)
Azerbaijan8,120,247 (July 2007 est.)
Bahamas, The305,655
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Bahrain708,573
note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Bangladesh150,448,339 (July 2007 est.)
Barbados280,946 (July 2007 est.)
Belarus9,724,723 (July 2007 est.)
Belgium10,392,226 (July 2007 est.)
Belize294,385 (July 2007 est.)
Benin8,078,314
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Bermuda66,163 (July 2007 est.)
Bhutan2,327,849
note: the Factbook population estimate is inconsistent with the 2005 Bhutan census results; both data are being reviewed and when completed, the results will be posted on The World Factbook Web site (https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook) later this year (July 2007 est.)
Bolivia9,119,152 (July 2007 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina4,552,198 (July 2007 est.)
Botswana1,815,508
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Bouvet Islanduninhabited
Brazil190,010,647
note: Brazil conducted a census in August 2000, which reported a population of 169,799,170; that figure was about 3.3% lower than projections by the US Census Bureau, and is close to the implied underenumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territoryno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; in November 2000 they were granted the right of return by a British High Court ruling, though no timetable has been set; in November 2004, there were approximately 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands23,552 (July 2007 est.)
Brunei374,577 (July 2007 est.)
Bulgaria7,322,858 (July 2007 est.)
Burkina Faso14,326,203
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Burma47,373,958
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Burundi8,390,505
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Cambodia13,995,904
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Cameroon18,060,382
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Canada33,390,141 (July 2007 est.)
Cape Verde423,613 (July 2007 est.)
Cayman Islands46,600
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2007 est.)
Central African Republic4,369,038
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Chad9,885,661 (July 2007 est.)
Chile16,284,741 (July 2007 est.)
China1,321,851,888 (July 2007 est.)
Christmas Island1,402 (July 2006 est.) (July 2007 est.)
Clipperton Islanduninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands596 (July 2007 est.)
Colombia44,379,598 (July 2007 est.)
Comoros711,417 (July 2007 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the65,751,512
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Congo, Republic of the3,800,610
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Cook Islands21,750 (July 2007 est.)
Coral Sea Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica4,133,884 (July 2007 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire18,013,409
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Croatia4,493,312 (July 2007 est.)
Cuba11,394,043 (July 2007 est.)
Cyprus788,457 (July 2007 est.)
Czech Republic10,228,744 (July 2007 est.)
Denmark5,468,120 (July 2007 est.)
Dhekeliaapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti496,374 (July 2007 est.)
Dominica72,386 (July 2007 est.)
Dominican Republic9,365,818 (July 2007 est.)
Ecuador13,755,680 (July 2007 est.)
Egypt80,335,036 (July 2007 est.)
El Salvador6,948,073 (July 2007 est.)
Equatorial Guinea551,201 (July 2007 est.)
Eritrea4,906,585 (July 2007 est.)
Estonia1,315,912 (July 2007 est.)
Ethiopia76,511,887
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
European Union490,426,060 (July 2007 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)3,105 (July 2007 est.)
Faroe Islands47,511 (July 2007 est.)
Fiji918,675 (July 2007 est.)
Finland5,238,460 (July 2007 est.)
Francetotal: 64,057,790
note: 60,876,136 in metropolitan France (July 2007 est.)
French Polynesia278,963 (July 2007 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Landsno indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon1,454,867
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Gambia, The1,688,359 (July 2007 est.)
Gaza Strip1,482,405 (July 2007 est.)
Georgia4,646,003 (July 2007 est.)
Germany82,400,996 (July 2007 est.)
Ghana22,931,299
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Gibraltar27,967 (July 2007 est.)
Greece10,706,290 (July 2007 est.)
Greenland56,344 (July 2007 est.)
Grenada89,971 (July 2007 est.)
Guam173,456 (July 2007 est.)
Guatemala12,728,111 (July 2007 est.)
Guernsey65,573 (July 2007 est.)
Guinea9,947,814 (July 2007 est.)
Guinea-Bissau1,472,780 (July 2007 est.)
Guyana769,095
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Haiti8,706,497
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsuninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City)821 (July 2007 est.)
Honduras7,483,763
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Hong Kong6,980,412 (July 2007 est.)
Hungary9,956,108 (July 2007 est.)
Iceland301,931 (July 2007 est.)
India1,129,866,154 (July 2007 est.)
Indonesia234,693,997 (July 2007 est.)
Iran65,397,521 (July 2007 est.)
Iraq27,499,638 (July 2007 est.)
Ireland4,109,086 (July 2007 est.)
Isle of Man75,831 (July 2007 est.)
Israel6,426,679
note: includes about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, and fewer than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2007 est.)
Italy58,147,733 (July 2007 est.)
Jamaica2,780,132 (July 2007 est.)
Jan Mayenno indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan127,433,494 (July 2007 est.)
Jersey91,321 (July 2007 est.)
Jordan6,053,193 (July 2007 est.)
Kazakhstan15,284,929 (July 2007 est.)
Kenya36,913,721
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Kiribati107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Korea, North23,301,725 (July 2007 est.)
Korea, South49,044,790 (July 2007 est.)
Kosovo2.473 million (2004)
Kosovo2,126,708 (2007 est.)
Kuwait2,505,559
note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Kyrgyzstan5,284,149 (July 2007 est.)
Laos6,521,998 (July 2007 est.)
Latvia2,259,810 (July 2007 est.)
Lebanon3,925,502 (July 2007 est.)
Lesotho2,125,262
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Liberia3,195,931 (July 2007 est.)
Libya6,036,914
note: includes 166,510 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Liechtenstein34,247 (July 2007 est.)
Lithuania3,575,439 (July 2007 est.)
Luxembourg480,222 (July 2007 est.)
Macau456,989 (July 2007 est.)
Macedonia2,055,915 (July 2007 est.)
Madagascar19,448,815 (July 2007 est.)
Malawi13,603,181
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Malaysia24,821,286 (July 2007 est.)
Maldives369,031 (July 2007 est.)
Mali11,995,402 (July 2007 est.)
Malta401,880 (July 2007 est.)
Marshall Islands61,815 (July 2007 est.)
Mauritania3,270,065 (July 2007 est.)
Mauritius1,250,882 (July 2007 est.)
Mayotte208,783 (July 2007 est.)
Mexico108,700,891 (July 2007 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of107,862 (July 2007 est.)
Moldova4,320,490 (July 2007 est.)
Monaco32,671 (July 2007 est.)
Mongolia2,951,786 (July 2007 est.)
Montenegro684,736 (July 2007 est.)
Montserrat9,538
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2007 est.)
Morocco33,757,175 (July 2007 est.)
Mozambique20,905,585
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected; the 1997 Mozambican census reported a population of 16,099,246 (July 2007 est.)
Namibia2,055,080
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Nauru13,528 (July 2007 est.)
Navassa Islanduninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal28,901,790 (July 2007 est.)
Netherlands16,570,613 (July 2007 est.)
Netherlands Antilles223,652 (July 2007 est.)
New Caledonia221,943 (July 2007 est.)
New Zealand4,115,771 (July 2007 est.)
Nicaragua5,675,356 (July 2007 est.)
Niger12,894,865 (July 2007 est.)
Nigeria135,031,164
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Niue1,492
note: based on data for 2000 and 2001, which indicate a declining population trend that is assumed to continue (July 2007 est.)
Norfolk Island2,114 (July 2007 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands84,546 (July 2007 est.)
Norway4,627,926 (July 2007 est.)
Oman3,204,897
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Pakistan164,741,924 (July 2007 est.)
Palau20,842 (July 2007 est.)
Panama3,242,173 (July 2007 est.)
Papua New Guinea5,795,887 (July 2007 est.)
Paracel Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
Paraguay6,669,086 (July 2007 est.)
Peru28,674,757 (July 2007 est.)
Philippines91,077,287 (July 2007 est.)
Pitcairn Islands48 (July 2007 est.)
Poland38,518,241 (July 2007 est.)
Portugal10,642,836 (July 2007 est.)
Puerto Rico3,944,259 (July 2007 est.)
Qatar907,229 (July 2007 est.)
Romania22,276,056 (July 2007 est.)
Russia141,377,752 (July 2007 est.)
Rwanda9,907,509
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Saint Barthelemy6,852 (1999 March census)
Saint Helena7,543
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (July 2007 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis39,349 (July 2007 est.)
Saint Lucia170,649 (July 2007 est.)
Saint Martin33,102 (October 2004 census)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon7,036 (July 2007 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines118,149 (July 2007 est.)
Samoa214,265
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2007 est.)
San Marino29,615 (July 2007 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe199,579 (July 2007 est.)
Saudi Arabia27,601,038
note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Senegal12,521,851 (July 2007 est.)
Serbia10,150,265 (July 2007 est.)
note: all population data includes Kosovo
Seychelles81,895 (July 2007 est.)
Sierra Leone6,144,562 (July 2007 est.)
Singapore4,553,009 (July 2007 est.)
Slovakia5,447,502 (July 2007 est.)
Slovenia2,009,245 (July 2007 est.)
Solomon Islands566,842 (July 2007 est.)
Somalia9,118,773
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2007 est.)
South Africa43,997,828
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001 replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
Spain40,448,191 (July 2007 est.)
Spratly Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka20,926,315
note: since the outbreak of hostilities between the government and armed Tamil separatists in the mid-1980s, several hundred thousand Tamil civilians have fled the island and more than 200,000 Tamils have sought refuge in the West (July 2007 est.)
Sudan39,379,358 (July 2007 est.)
Suriname470,784 (July 2007 est.)
Svalbard2,214 (July 2007 est.)
Swaziland1,133,066
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Sweden9,031,088 (July 2007 est.)
Switzerland7,554,661 (July 2007 est.)
Syria19,314,747
note: in addition, about 40,000 people live in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights - 20,000 Arabs (18,000 Druze and 2,000 Alawites) and about 20,000 Israeli settlers (July 2007 est.)
Taiwan22,858,872 (July 2007 est.)
Tajikistan7,076,598 (July 2007 est.)
Tanzania39,384,223
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Thailand65,068,149
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Timor-Leste1,084,971
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2007 est.)
Togo5,701,579
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Tokelau1,449 (July 2007 est.)
Tonga116,921 (July 2007 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago1,056,608 (July 2007 est.)
Tunisia10,276,158 (July 2007 est.)
Turkey71,158,647 (July 2007 est.)
Turkmenistan5,097,028 (July 2007 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands21,746 (July 2007 est.)
Tuvalu11,992 (July 2007 est.)
Uganda30,262,610
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Ukraine46,299,862 (July 2007 est.)
United Arab Emirates4,444,011
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net inmigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (July 2007 est.)
United Kingdom60,776,238 (July 2007 est.)
United States301,139,947 (July 2007 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refugesno indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005 all US government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy and US Fish and Wildlife staff
Uruguay3,460,607 (July 2007 est.)
Uzbekistan27,780,059 (July 2007 est.)
Vanuatu211,971 (July 2007 est.)
Venezuela26,023,528 (July 2007 est.)
Vietnam85,262,356 (July 2007 est.)
Virgin Islands108,448 (July 2007 est.)
Wake Islandno indigenous inhabitants
note: since super typhoon IOKE, a small military contingent along with 75 contractor personnel have returned to the island to conduct clean-up and restore basic operations on the island (July 2007 est.)
Wallis and Futuna16,309 (July 2007 est.)
West Bank2,535,927
note: in addition, there are about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank and fewer than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2004 est.)
Western Sahara382,617
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2007 est.)
World6,602,224,175 (July 2007 est.)
Yemen22,230,531 (July 2007 est.)
Zambia11,477,447
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Zimbabwe12,311,143
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)

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