Reference > World Factbook, 2008
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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Suffrage
 
 
CountrySuffrage
Afghanistan18 years of age; universal
Albania18 years of age; universal
Algeria18 years of age; universal
American Samoa18 years of age; universal
Andorra18 years of age; universal
Angola18 years of age; universal
Anguilla18 years of age; universal
Antigua and Barbuda18 years of age; universal
Argentina18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Armenia18 years of age; universal
Aruba18 years of age; universal
Australia18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Austria16 years of age; universal; note - reduced from 18 years of age in 2007
Azerbaijan18 years of age; universal
Bahamas, The18 years of age; universal
Bahrain20 years of age; universal
Bangladesh18 years of age; universal
Barbados18 years of age; universal
Belarus18 years of age; universal
Belgium18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Belize18 years of age; universal
Benin18 years of age; universal
Bermuda18 years of age; universal
Bhutan18 years of age; universal
Bolivia18 years of age, universal and compulsory (married); 21 years of age, universal and compulsory (single)
Bosnia and Herzegovina18 years of age, universal
Botswana18 years of age; universal
Brazilvoluntary between 16 and 18 years of age and over 70; compulsory over 18 and under 70 years of age; note - military conscripts do not vote
British Virgin Islands18 years of age; universal
Brunei18 years of age for village elections; universal
Bulgaria18 years of age; universal
Burkina Fasouniversal
Burma18 years of age; universal
BurundiNA years of age; universal (adult)
Cambodia18 years of age; universal
Cameroon20 years of age; universal
Canada18 years of age; universal
Cape Verde18 years of age; universal
Cayman Islands18 years of age; universal
Central African Republic21 years of age; universal
Chad18 years of age; universal
Chile18 years of age; universal and compulsory
China18 years of age; universal
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsNA
Colombia18 years of age; universal
Comoros18 years of age; universal
Congo, Democratic Republic of the18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Congo, Republic of the18 years of age; universal
Cook IslandsNA years of age; universal (adult)
Costa Rica18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Cote d'Ivoire18 years of age; universal
Croatia18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
Cuba16 years of age; universal
Cyprus18 years of age; universal
Czech Republic18 years of age; universal
Denmark18 years of age; universal
Djibouti18 years of age; universal
Dominica18 years of age; universal
Dominican Republic18 years of age, universal and compulsory; married persons regardless of age; note - members of the armed forces and national police cannot vote
Ecuador18 years of age; universal, compulsory for literate persons ages 18-65, optional for other eligible voters
Egypt18 years of age; universal and compulsory
El Salvador18 years of age; universal
Equatorial Guinea18 years of age; universal
Eritrea18 years of age; universal
Estonia18 years of age; universal for all Estonian citizens
Ethiopia18 years of age; universal
European Union18 years of age; universal
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)18 years of age; universal
Faroe Islands18 years of age; universal
Fiji21 years of age; universal
Finland18 years of age; universal
France18 years of age; universal
French Polynesia18 years of age; universal
Gabon21 years of age; universal
Gambia, The18 years of age; universal
Georgia18 years of age; universal
Germany18 years of age; universal
Ghana18 years of age; universal
Gibraltar18 years of age; universal; and British citizens who have been residents six months or more
Greece18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Greenland18 years of age; universal
Grenada18 years of age; universal
Guam18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
Guatemala18 years of age; universal; note - active duty members of the armed forces may not vote and are restricted to their barracks on election day
Guernsey18 years of age; universal
Guinea18 years of age; universal
Guinea-Bissau18 years of age; universal
Guyana18 years of age; universal
Haiti18 years of age; universal
Holy See (Vatican City)limited to cardinals less than 80 years old
Honduras18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Hong Kongdirect election - 18 years of age for a number of non-executive positions; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election - limited to about 220,000 members of functional constituencies and an 800-member election committee drawn from broad regional groupings, central government bodies, and municipal organizations
Hungary18 years of age; universal
Iceland18 years of age; universal
India18 years of age; universal
Indonesia17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of age
Iran16 years of age; universal
Iraq18 years of age; universal
Ireland18 years of age; universal
Isle of Man16 years of age; universal
Israel18 years of age; universal
Italy18 years of age; universal (except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25)
Jamaica18 years of age; universal
Japan20 years of age; universal
Jersey18 years of age; universal
Jordan18 years of age; universal
Kazakhstan18 years of age; universal
Kenya18 years of age; universal
Kiribati18 years of age; universal
Korea, North17 years of age; universal
Korea, South19 years of age; universal
Kosovo18 years of age; universal
Kosovo18 years of age; universal
KuwaitNA years of age; universal (adult); note - males in the military or police are not allowed to vote; adult females were allowed to vote as of 16 May 2005; all voters must have been citizens for 20 years
Kyrgyzstan18 years of age; universal
Laos18 years of age; universal
Latvia18 years of age; universal for Latvian citizens
Lebanon21 years of age; compulsory for all males; authorized for women at age 21 with elementary education
Lesotho18 years of age; universal
Liberia18 years of age; universal
Libya18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Liechtenstein18 years of age; universal
Lithuania18 years of age; universal
Luxembourg18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Macaudirect election 18 years of age for some non-executive positions, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; indirect election limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (257 are currently registered) and a 300-member Election Committee drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, and central government bodies
Macedonia18 years of age; universal
Madagascar18 years of age; universal
Malawi18 years of age; universal
Malaysia21 years of age; universal
Maldives21 years of age; universal
Mali18 years of age; universal
Malta18 years of age; universal
Marshall Islands18 years of age; universal
Mauritania18 years of age; universal
Mauritius18 years of age; universal
Mayotte18 years of age; universal
Mexico18 years of age; universal and compulsory (but not enforced)
Micronesia, Federated States of18 years of age; universal
Moldova18 years of age; universal
Monaco18 years of age; universal
Mongolia18 years of age; universal
Montenegro18 years of age; universal
Montserrat18 years of age; universal
Morocco18 years of age; universal (as of January 2003)
Mozambique18 years of age; universal
Namibia18 years of age; universal
Nauru20 years of age; universal and compulsory
Nepal18 years of age; universal
Netherlands18 years of age; universal
Netherlands Antilles18 years of age; universal
New Caledonia18 years of age; universal
New Zealand18 years of age; universal
Nicaragua16 years of age; universal
Niger18 years of age; universal
Nigeria18 years of age; universal
Niue18 years of age; universal
Norfolk Island18 years of age; universal
Northern Mariana Islands18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Norway18 years of age; universal
Oman21 years of age; universal; note - members of the military and security forces are not allowed to vote
Pakistan18 years of age; universal; joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims
Palau18 years of age; universal
Panama18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Papua New Guinea18 years of age; universal
Paraguay18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 75
Peru18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70; note - for the first time in recent elections, members of the military and national police were eligible to vote in the 2006 elections
Philippines18 years of age; universal
Pitcairn Islands18 years of age; universal with three years residency
Poland18 years of age; universal
Portugal18 years of age; universal
Puerto Rico18 years of age; universal; island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Qatar18 years of age; universal
Romania18 years of age; universal
Russia18 years of age; universal
Rwanda18 years of age; universal
Saint Barthelemy18 years of age, universal
Saint HelenaNA years of age
Saint Kitts and Nevis18 years of age; universal
Saint Lucia18 years of age; universal
Saint Martin18 years of age, universal
Saint Pierre and Miquelon18 years of age; universal
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines18 years of age; universal
Samoa21 years of age; universal
San Marino18 years of age; universal
Sao Tome and Principe18 years of age; universal
Saudi Arabia21 years of age; male
Senegal18 years of age; universal
Serbia18 years of age; universal
Seychelles17 years of age; universal
Sierra Leone18 years of age; universal
Singapore21 years of age; universal and compulsory
Slovakia18 years of age; universal
Slovenia18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
Solomon Islands21 years of age; universal
Somalia18 years of age; universal
South Africa18 years of age; universal
Spain18 years of age; universal
Sri Lanka18 years of age; universal
Sudan17 years of age; universal
Suriname18 years of age; universal
Swaziland18 years of age
Sweden18 years of age; universal
Switzerland18 years of age; universal
Syria18 years of age; universal
Taiwan20 years of age; universal
Tajikistan18 years of age; universal
Tanzania18 years of age; universal
Thailand18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Timor-Leste17 years of age; universal
TogoNA years of age; universal (adult)
Tokelau21 years of age; universal
Tonga21 years of age; universal
Trinidad and Tobago18 years of age; universal
Tunisia18 years of age; universal except for active government security forces (including the police and the military), people with mental disabilities, people who have served more than three months in prison (criminal cases only), and people given a suspended sentence of more than six months
Turkey18 years of age; universal
Turkmenistan18 years of age; universal
Turks and Caicos Islands18 years of age; universal
Tuvalu18 years of age; universal
Uganda18 years of age; universal
Ukraine18 years of age; universal
United Arab Emiratesnone
United Kingdom18 years of age; universal
United States18 years of age; universal
Uruguay18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Uzbekistan18 years of age; universal
Vanuatu18 years of age; universal
Venezuela18 years of age; universal
Vietnam18 years of age; universal
Virgin Islands18 years of age; universal; island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Wallis and Futuna18 years of age; universal
Western Saharanone; a UN-sponsored voter identification campaign not yet completed
Yemen18 years of age; universal
Zambia18 years of age; universal
Zimbabwe18 years of age; universal

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