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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Labor force—by occupation
 
 
CountryLabor force—by occupation
Afghanistanagriculture: 80%
industry: 10%
services: 10% (2004 est.)
Albaniaagriculture: 58%
industry: 15%
services: 27% (September 2006 est.)
Algeriaagriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.)
American Samoaagriculture: 34%
industry: 33%
services: 33% (1990)
Andorraagriculture: 0.3%
industry: 20.3%
services: 79.4% (2005)
Angolaagriculture: 85%
industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Anguillaagriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
Antigua and Barbudaagriculture: 7%
industry: 11%
services: 82% (1983)
Argentinaagriculture: 1%
industry: 23%
services: 76% (2007 est.)
Armeniaagriculture: 46.2%
industry: 15.6%
services: 38.2% (2006 est.)
Arubaagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
Australiaagriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.2%
services: 75.2% (2004 est.)
Austriaagriculture: 3%
industry: 27%
services: 70% (2005 est.)
Azerbaijanagriculture: 41%
industry: 7%
services: 52% (2001)
Bahamas, Theagriculture 5%, industry 5%, tourism 50%, other services 40% (2005 est.)
Bahrainagriculture: 1%
industry: 79%
services: 20% (1997 est.)
Bangladeshagriculture: 63%
industry: 11%
services: 26% (FY95/96)
Barbadosagriculture: 10%
industry: 15%
services: 75% (1996 est.)
Belarusagriculture: 14%
industry: 34.7%
services: 51.3% (2003 est.)
Belgiumagriculture: 1.3%
industry: 24.5%
services: 74.2% (2003 est.)
Belizeagriculture: 22.5%
industry: 15.2%
services: 62.3% (2005 est.)
Bermudaagriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.)
Bhutanagriculture: 63%
industry: 6%
services: 31% (2004 est.)
Boliviaagriculture: 40%
industry: 17%
services: 43% (2006 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovinaagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Botswanaagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Brazilagriculture: 20%
industry: 14%
services: 66% (2003 est.)
British Virgin Islandsagriculture: 0.6%
industry: 40%
services: 59.4% (2005)
Bruneiagriculture: 2.9%
industry: 61.1%
services: 36% (2003 est.)
Bulgariaagriculture: 8.5%
industry: 33.6%
services: 57.9% (2nd qtr. 2006 est.)
Burkina Fasoagriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
Burmaagriculture: 70%
industry: 7%
services: 23% (2001 est.)
Burundiagriculture: 93.6%
industry: 2.3%
services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Cambodiaagriculture: 75%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2004 est.)
Cameroonagriculture: 70%
industry: 13%
services: 17% (2001 est.)
Canadaagriculture 2%, manufacturing 13%, construction 6%, services 76%, other 3% (2006)
Cayman Islandsagriculture: 1.4%
industry: 12.6%
services: 86% (1995)
Chadagriculture: 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)
industry and services: 20% (2006 est.)
Chileagriculture: 13.6%
industry: 23.4%
services: 63% (2003)
Chinaagriculture: 43%
industry: 25%
services: 32% (2006 est.)
Cocos (Keeling) Islandsnote: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Colombiaagriculture: 22.7%
industry: 18.7%
services: 58.5% (2000 est.)
Comorosagriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Cook Islandsagriculture: 29%
industry: 15%
services: 56% (1995)
Costa Ricaagriculture: 14%
industry: 22%
services: 64% (2006 est.)
Croatiaagriculture: 2.7%
industry: 32.8%
services: 64.5% (2004)
Cubaagriculture: 20%
industry: 19.4%
services: 60.6% (2005)
Cyprusarea under government control: agriculture 7.4%, industry 38.2%, services 54.4% (2004 est.)
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: agriculture 14.5%, industry 29%, services 56.5% (2004 est.)
Czech Republicagriculture: 4.1%
industry: 37.6%
services: 58.3% (2003)
Denmarkagriculture: 3%
industry: 21%
services: 76% (2004 est.)
Djiboutiagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Dominicaagriculture: 40%
industry: 32%
services: 28% (2000 est.)
Dominican Republicagriculture: 17%
industry: 24.3%
services: 58.7% (1998 est.)
Ecuadoragriculture: 8%
industry: 24%
services: 68% (2001)
Egyptagriculture: 32%
industry: 17%
services: 51% (2001 est.)
El Salvadoragriculture: 19%
industry: 23%
services: 58% (2006 est.)
Eritreaagriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2004 est.)
Estoniaagriculture: 11%
industry: 20%
services: 69% (1999 est.)
Ethiopiaagriculture: 80%
industry: 8%
services: 12% (1985)
European Unionagriculture: 4.4%
industry: 27.1%
services: 67.1%
note: the remainder is in miscellaneous public and private sector industries and services (2002 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)
industry and services: 5% (1996)
Faroe Islandsagriculture: 33%
industry: 33%
services: 34% (October 2000)
Fijiagriculture: 70%
industry and services: 30% (2001 est.)
Finlandagriculture and forestry 4.4%, industry 17.5%, construction 6%, commerce 22%, finance, insurance, and business services 12%, transport and communications 8%, public services 30.2% (2000 est.)
Franceagriculture: 4.1%
industry: 24.4%
services: 71.5% (1999)
French Polynesiaagriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2002)
Gabonagriculture: 60%
industry: 15%
services: 25%
Gambia, Theagriculture: 75%
industry: 19%
services: 6% (1996)
Gaza Stripagriculture: 12%
industry: 18%
services: 70% (2005)
Georgiaagriculture: 55.6%
industry: 8.9%
services: 35.5% (2006 est.)
Germanyagriculture: 2.8%
industry: 33.4%
services: 63.8% (1999)
Ghanaagriculture: 56%
industry: 15%
services: 29% (2005 est.)
Gibraltaragriculture: negligible
industry: 40%
services: 60% (2001)
Greeceagriculture: 12%
industry: 20%
services: 68% (2004 est.)
Grenadaagriculture: 24%
industry: 14%
services: 62% (1999 est.)
Guamagriculture: 26%
industry: 10%
services: 64% (2004 est.)
Guatemalaagriculture: 50%
industry: 15%
services: 35% (1999 est.)
Guineaagriculture: 76%
industry and services: 24% (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissauagriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Guyanaagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Haitiagriculture: 66%
industry: 9%
services: 25% (1995)
Holy See (Vatican City)note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican
Hondurasagriculture: 34%
industry: 23%
services: 43% (2003 est.)
Hong Kongmanufacturing 6.5%, construction 2.1%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 43.3%, financing, insurance, and real estate 20.7%, transport and communications 7.8%, community and social services 19.5%
note: above data exclude public sector (2007 est.)
Hungaryagriculture: 5.5%
industry: 33.3%
services: 61.2% (2003)
Icelandagriculture: 5.1%
industry: 23%
services: 71.4% (2005)
Indiaagriculture: 60%
industry: 12%
services: 28% (2003)
Indonesiaagriculture: 43.3%
industry: 18%
services: 38.7% (2004 est.)
Iranagriculture: 25%
industry: 31%
services: 45% (June 2007)
Iraqagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Irelandagriculture: 6%
industry: 27%
services: 67% (2006 est.)
Isle of Managriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10% (2001)
Israelagriculture 18.5%, industry 23.7%, services 50%, other 7.8% (2002)
Italyagriculture: 5%
industry: 32%
services: 63% (2001)
Jamaicaagriculture: 17%
industry: 19%
services: 64% (2006)
Japanagriculture: 4.6%
industry: 27.8%
services: 67.7% (2004)
Jordanagriculture: 5%
industry: 12.5%
services: 82.5% (2001 est.)
Kazakhstanagriculture: 20%
industry: 30%
services: 50% (2002 est.)
Kenyaagriculture: 75%
industry and services: 25% (2003 est.)
Kiribatiagriculture: 2.7%
industry: 32%
services: 65.3% (2000)
Korea, Northagriculture: 37%
industry and services: 63% (2004 est.)
Korea, Southagriculture: 7.5%
industry: 17.3%
services: 75.2% (2007)
Kosovoagriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Kosovoagriculture: 21.4%
industry: NA
services: NA (2006)
Kuwaitagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Kyrgyzstanagriculture: 55%
industry: 15%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Laosagriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2005 est.)
Latviaagriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2005 est.)
Lebanonagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Lesothoagriculture: 86% of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa
industry and services: 14% (2002 est.)
Liberiaagriculture: 70%
industry: 8%
services: 22% (2000 est.)
Libyaagriculture: 17%
industry: 23%
services: 59% (2004 est.)
Liechtensteinagriculture: 2%
industry: 47%
services: 51% (31 December 2001)
Lithuaniaagriculture: 15.8%
industry: 28.2%
services: 56% (2004)
Luxembourgagriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2004 est.)
Macaumanufacturing 11.1%, construction 11.7%, transport and communications 6.3%, wholesale and retail trade 13.7%, restaurants and hotels 11.3%, gambling 19.8%, public sector 7.7%, financial services 2.6%, other services and agriculture 15.7% (2006)
Macedoniaagriculture: 21.7%
industry: 32.6%
services: 45.7% (September 2006)
Malawiagriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)
Malaysiaagriculture: 13%
industry: 36%
services: 51% (2005 est.)
Maldivesagriculture: 22%
industry: 18%
services: 60% (1995)
Maliagriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2001 est.)
Maltaagriculture: 3%
industry: 22%
services: 75% (2005 est.)
Marshall Islandsagriculture: 21.4%
industry: 20.9%
services: 57.7% (2000)
Mauritaniaagriculture: 50%
industry: 10%
services: 40% (2001 est.)
Mauritiusagriculture and fishing 14%, construction and industry 36%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, finance 3%, other services 24% (1995)
Mexicoagriculture: 18%
industry: 24%
services: 58% (2003)
Micronesia, Federated States ofagriculture: 0.9%
industry: 34.4%
services: 64.7%
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)
Moldovaagriculture: 40.7%
industry: 12.1%
services: 47.2% (2005 est.)
Mongoliaagriculture: 39.9%
industry: 11.7%
services: 49.4% (2006)
Montenegroagriculture: 2%
industry: 30%
services: 68% (2004 est.)
Moroccoagriculture: 40%
industry: 15%
services: 45% (2003 est.)
Mozambiqueagriculture: 81%
industry: 6%
services: 13% (1997 est.)
Namibiaagriculture: 47%
industry: 20%
services: 33% (1999 est.)
Naurunote: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992)
Nepalagriculture: 76%
industry: 6%
services: 18% (2004 est.)
Netherlandsagriculture: 3%
industry: 21%
services: 76% (2005 est.)
Netherlands Antillesagriculture: 1%
industry: 20%
services: 79% (2005 est.)
New Caledoniaagriculture: 20%
industry: 20%
services: 60% (2002)
New Zealandagriculture: 7%
industry: 19%
services: 74% (2006 est.)
Nicaraguaagriculture: 29%
industry: 19%
services: 52% (2006 est.)
Nigeragriculture: 90%
industry: 6%
services: 4% (1995)
Nigeriaagriculture: 70%
industry: 10%
services: 20% (1999 est.)
Niuenote: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Norfolk Islandagriculture: 10%
industry and services: 90%
Northern Mariana Islandsagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Norwayagriculture: 4%
industry: 22%
services: 74% (1995)
Omanagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Pakistanagriculture: 42%
industry: 20%
services: 38% (2004 est.)
Palauagriculture: 20%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (1990)
Panamaagriculture: 15%
industry: 18%
services: 67% (2006 est.)
Papua New Guineaagriculture: 85%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Paraguayagriculture: 31%
industry: 17%
services: 52% (2007)
Peruagriculture: 9%
industry: 18%
services: 73% (2001)
Philippinesagriculture: 35%
industry: 15%
services: 50% (2007 est.)
Pitcairn Islandsnote: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Polandagriculture: 16.1%
industry: 29%
services: 54.9% (2002)
Portugalagriculture: 10%
industry: 30%
services: 60% (2001 est.)
Puerto Ricoagriculture: 3%
industry: 20%
services: 77% (2000 est.)
Romaniaagriculture: 31.6%
industry: 30.7%
services: 37.7% (2004)
Russiaagriculture: 10.8%
industry: 28.8%
services: 60.5% (November 2007 est.)
Rwandaagriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000)
Saint Helenaagriculture: 6%
industry: 48%
services: 46% (1987 est.)
Saint Luciaagriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Saint Martin85% directly or indirectly employed in tourist industry
Saint Pierre and Miquelonagriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesagriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Samoaagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
San Marinoagriculture: 0.2%
industry: 40.1%
services: 59.7% (2006 est.)
Sao Tome and Principenote: population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers
Saudi Arabiaagriculture: 12%
industry: 25%
services: 63% (1999 est.)
Senegalagriculture: 77%
industry and services: 23% (1990 est.)
Serbiaagriculture: 30%
industry: 46%
services: 24%
note: excludes Kosovo and Montenegro (2002)
Seychellesagriculture: 10%
industry: 19%
services: 71% (1989)
Sierra Leoneagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Singaporemanufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25% (2006)
Slovakiaagriculture 5.8%, industry 29.3%, construction 9%, services 55.9% (2003)
Sloveniaagriculture: 2.5%
industry: 36%
services: 61.5% (2007)
Solomon Islandsagriculture: 75%
industry: 5%
services: 20% (2000 est.)
Somaliaagriculture: 71%
industry and services: 29% (1975)
South Africaagriculture: 9%
industry: 26%
services: 65% (2007 est.)
Spainagriculture: 5.3%
industry: 30.1%
services: 64.6% (2004 est.)
Sri Lankaagriculture: 34.3%
industry: 25.3%
services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.)
Sudanagriculture: 80%
industry: 7%
services: 13% (1998 est.)
Surinameagriculture: 8%
industry: 14%
services: 78% (2004)
Swazilandagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Swedenagriculture: 2%
industry: 24%
services: 74% (2000 est.)
Switzerlandagriculture: 4.6%
industry: 26.3%
services: 69.1% (1998)
Syriaagriculture: 26%
industry: 14%
services: 60% (2003 est.)
Taiwanagriculture: 5.3%
industry: 36.8%
services: 57.9% (2007 est.)
Tajikistanagriculture: 67.2%
industry: 7.5%
services: 25.3% (2000 est.)
Tanzaniaagriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2002 est.)
Thailandagriculture: 49%
industry: 14%
services: 37% (2000 est.)
Timor-Lesteagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Togoagriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (1998 est.)
Tongaagriculture: 65%
industry and services: 35% (1997 est.)
Trinidad and Tobagoagriculture 4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 12.9%, construction and utilities 17.5%, services 65.6% (2006 est.)
Tunisiaagriculture: 55%
industry: 23%
services: 22% (1995 est.)
Turkeyagriculture: 35.9%
industry: 22.8%
services: 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004)
Turkmenistanagriculture: 48.2%
industry: 13.8%
services: 37% (2003 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islandsnote: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Tuvalunote: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)
Ugandaagriculture: 82%
industry: 5%
services: 13% (1999 est.)
Ukraineagriculture: 25%
industry: 20%
services: 55% (1996)
United Arab Emiratesagriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
United Kingdomagriculture: 1.4%
industry: 18.2%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
United Statesfarming, forestry, and fishing 0.6%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.6%, managerial, professional, and technical 35.5%, sales and office 24.8%, other services 16.5%
note: figures exclude the unemployed (2007)
Uruguayagriculture: 9%
industry: 15%
services: 76% (2007 est.)
Uzbekistanagriculture: 44%
industry: 20%
services: 36% (1995)
Vanuatuagriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Venezuelaagriculture: 13%
industry: 23%
services: 64% (1997 est.)
Vietnamagriculture: 55.6%
industry: 18.9%
services: 25.5% (July 2005)
Virgin Islandsagriculture: 1%
industry: 19%
services: 80% (2003 est.)
Wallis and Futunaagriculture: 80%
industry: 4%
services: 16% (2001 est.)
West Bankagriculture: 18%
industry: 15%
services: 67% (2006)
Western Saharaagriculture: 50%
industry and services: 50%
Worldagriculture: 40%
industry: 20.5%
services: 39.4% (2007 est.)
Yemennote: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Zambiaagriculture: 85%
industry: 6%
services: 9% (2004)
Zimbabweagriculture: 66%
industry: 10%
services: 24% (1996)

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