Reference > World Factbook, 2008
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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Industries
 
 
CountryIndustries
Afghanistansmall-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Albaniafood processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Algeriapetroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
American Samoatuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Andorratourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture
Angolapetroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair
Anguillatourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Antigua and Barbudatourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Argentinafood processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Armeniadiamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy
Arubatourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Australiamining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel
Austriaconstruction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
Azerbaijanpetroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Bahamas, Thetourism, banking, cement, oil transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe
Bahrainpetroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, Islamic and offshore banking, insurance, ship repairing, tourism
Bangladeshcotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar
Barbadostourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Belarusmetal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
Belgiumengineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Belizegarment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil
Benintextiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Bermudainternational business, tourism, light manufacturing
Bhutancement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Boliviamining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Bosnia and Herzegovinasteel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining
Botswanadiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
Braziltextiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
British Virgin Islandstourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore financial center
Bruneipetroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Bulgariaelectricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Burkina Fasocotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Burmaagricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; natural gas; garments, jade and gems
Burundilight consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Cambodiatourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
Cameroonpetroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Canadatransportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Cape Verdefood and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Cayman Islandstourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Central African Republicgold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
Chadoil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Chilecopper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Chinamining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
Christmas Islandtourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Cocos (Keeling) Islandscopra products and tourism
Colombiatextiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Comorosfishing, tourism, perfume distillation
Congo, Democratic Republic of themining (diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt, coltan zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair
Congo, Republic of thepetroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
Cook Islandsfruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
Costa Ricamicroprocessors, food processing, medical equipment, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products
Cote d'Ivoirefoodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair
Croatiachemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Cubasugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Cyprustourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
Czech Republicmetallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
Denmarkiron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Dhekelianone
Djibouticonstruction, agricultural processing
Dominicasoap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Dominican Republictourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Ecuadorpetroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Egypttextiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
El Salvadorfood processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Equatorial Guineapetroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
Eritreafood processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement
Estoniaengineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Ethiopiafood processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
European Unionamong the world's largest and most technologically advanced, the European Union industrial base includes: ferrous and non-ferrous metal production and processing, metal products, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, construction equipment, industrial equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools and automated manufacturing systems, electronics and telecommunications equipment, fishing, food and beverage processing, furniture, paper, textiles, tourism
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)fish and wool processing; tourism
Faroe Islandsfishing, fish processing, small ship repair and refurbishment, handicrafts
Fijitourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Finlandmetals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Francemachinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism
French Polynesiatourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Gabonpetroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement
Gambia, Theprocessing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Gaza Stripgenerally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis had established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center, but operations ceased prior to Israel's evacuation of Gaza Strip settlements
Georgiasteel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
Germanyamong the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
Ghanamining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Gibraltartourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Greecetourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum
Greenlandfish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
Grenadafood and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
GuamUS military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Guatemalasugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Guernseytourism, banking
Guineabauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
Guinea-Bissauagricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
Guyanabauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Haitisugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly based on imported parts
Holy See (Vatican City)printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities
Hondurassugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Hong Kongtextiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Hungarymining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Icelandfish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism
Indiatextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
Indonesiapetroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Iranpetroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments
Iraqpetroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing
Irelandsteel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Isle of Manfinancial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Israelhigh-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear
Italytourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics
Jamaicatourism, bauxite/alumina, agro processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications
Japanamong world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
Jerseytourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Jordanclothing, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
Kazakhstanoil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials
Kenyasmall-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism
Kiribatifishing, handicrafts
Korea, Northmilitary products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism
Korea, Southelectronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
KosovoNA
KosovoNA
Kuwaitpetroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Kyrgyzstansmall machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
Laoscopper, tin, gold, and gypsum mining; timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, tourism, cement
Latviabuses, vans, street and railroad cars; synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials
Lebanonbanking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Lesothofood, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism
Liberiarubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Libyapetroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
Liechtensteinelectronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
Lithuaniametal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
Luxembourgbanking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Macautourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Macedoniafood processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
Madagascarmeat processing, seafood, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
Malawitobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
MalaysiaPeninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing; Sabah - logging, petroleum production; Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging
Maldivestourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Malifood processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Maltatourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Marshall Islandscopra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
Mauritaniafish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Mauritiusfood processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Mayottenewly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Mexicofood and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Micronesia, Federated States oftourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Moldovasugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
Monacotourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
Mongoliaconstruction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing
Montenegrosteelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Montserrattourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Moroccophosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism
Mozambiquefood, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco
Namibiameatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Nauruphosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Nepaltourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
Netherlandsagroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Netherlands Antillestourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
New Caledonianickel mining and smelting
New Zealandfood processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Nicaraguafood processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood
Nigeruranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Nigeriacrude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Niuetourism, handicrafts, food processing
Norfolk Islandtourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete
Northern Mariana Islandstourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Norwaypetroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Omancrude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Pakistantextiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Palautourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Panamaconstruction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Papua New Guineacopra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Paraguaysugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
Perumining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas; fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Philippineselectronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Pitcairn Islandspostage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
Polandmachine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
Portugaltextiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Puerto Ricopharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Qatarcrude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Romaniaelectric machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
Russiacomplete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Rwandacement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Saint Helenaconstruction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales
Saint Kitts and Nevistourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Saint Luciaclothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing
Saint Martintourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry
Saint Pierre and Miquelonfish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesfood processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Samoafood processing, building materials, auto parts
San Marinotourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Sao Tome and Principelight construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
Saudi Arabiacrude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
Senegalagricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Serbiasugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment
Seychellesfishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
Sierra Leonediamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair
Singaporeelectronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
Slovakiametal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products
Sloveniaferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, automobiles, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools
Solomon Islandsfish (tuna), mining, timber
Somaliaa few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication
South Africamining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair
Spaintextiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Sri Lankaprocessing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining
Sudanoil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Surinamebauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Swazilandcoal, wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Swedeniron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Switzerlandmachinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, and insurance
Syriapetroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing
Taiwanelectronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals
Tajikistanaluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Tanzaniaagricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer
Thailandtourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
Timor-Lesteprinting, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Togophosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Tokelausmall-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Tongatourism, fishing
Trinidad and Tobagopetroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles
Tunisiapetroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
Turkeytextiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Turkmenistannatural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing
Turks and Caicos Islandstourism, offshore financial services
Tuvalufishing, tourism, copra
Ugandasugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Ukrainecoal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar)
United Arab Emiratespetroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
United Kingdommachine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
United Statesleading industrial power in the world, highly diversified and technologically advanced; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining
Uruguayfood processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Uzbekistantextiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, gold, petroleum, natural gas, chemicals
Vanuatufood and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Venezuelapetroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly
Vietnamfood processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
Virgin Islandstourism, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics
Wallis and Futunacopra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
West Bankgenerally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale, modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers
Western Saharaphosphate mining, handicrafts
Worlddominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems
Yemencrude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Zambiacopper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Zimbabwemining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages

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