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W.C. Hazlitt, comp.  English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases.  1907.
 
What tutor  to  When you ride
 
What tutor shall we find for a child of sixty years old?  10016
What was good the friar never loved.  10017
What will not money do? WALKER (1672).  10018
What wind blew you hither?  10019
What would you have? a buttered faggot?  10020
What! would you have an ass chop logic?  10021
What your glass told you will not be told by counsel. H.  10022
Whatever is given to the poor is laid out of the reach of fortune.  10023
What’s a crab in a cow’s mouth?  10024
What’s a gentleman but his pleasure?  10025
What’s freer than a gift?  10026
What’s my wife’s is mine: what’s mine, is my own.  10027
What’s none of my profit shall be none of my peril.  10028
What’s the good of a sun-dial in the shade?  10029
Wheat always lies best in wet sheets. East Anglia.
  Forby’s Vocab. of East Anglia, 1830, p. 417.
  10030
Wheat is not gathered in the blade, but in the ear.  10031
Wheat well-sown is half-grown.  10032
Wheat will not have two praises.  10033
Wheelwright’s (a) dog is a carpenter’s uncle. East Anglia.
  “A bad wheelwright makes a good carpenter.”—Forby.
  10034
When a couple are newly married,
the first month is honeymoon or smick-smack;
the second is hither and thither; / the third is thwick-thwack;
the fourth, The devil take them that brought thee and I together.
  10035
When a dog is drowning, every one offers him drink. H.
  Quand un chien se noye / chacun lui offre a boire. Fr.
  10036
When a ewe’s drowned, she’s dead.  10037
When a fool finds a horseshoe, / he thinks aye the like to do.
  The discovery of a horseshoe was considered a good omen, and indeed much virtue has been thought to reside in the presence of one outside a house. See my Faiths and Folklore, 1905, p. 330. A larger number of horseshoes are nailed up outside Rockingham Castle, Uppingham. They have been put there by visitors from time to time, and are of all sizes and patterns. My friend Mr. H. Stopes had one over one of the doors of his offices in the Borough. It was cast by a cab-horse, while he was in the vehicle, and he jumped out, and picked it up for luck.
  10038
When a fool hath bethought himself, the market’s over.  10039
When a friend asks, there is no to-morrow. H.  10040
When a goose dances and a fool versifies, there is sport.  10041
When a knave is in a plum-tree, he hath neither friend nor kin. H.  10042
When a man grows angry, his reason rides out.  10043
When a musician hath forgot his note,
he makes as though a crumb stuck in his throat.
  [Greek]. When a singing man or musician is out or at a loss, to conceal it he coughs. [Greek].—R.
  10044
When a wise man errs, he errs with a vengeance.  10045
When Adam dolve and Eve span,
who was then the gentleman?
  A more modern version adds two more lines:
        Upstart a churl, and gathered good,
And thence did spring our gentle blood.
  But the proverb itself occurs in an older and slightly varied form in MS. Sloane, 2593 (Wright’s Songs and Carols, 1856, p. 2).
        Now bething the, gentilman,
How Adam dalf, and Eve span.
  The German is more like the form given in the text:
        So Adam reutte, and Eva span,
Wer was da ein eddleman?
  The parent-phrase appears to be the 14th century Latin couplet in Harl. MS., 3362, fol. 7:
        Cum vangâ quadam tellurem foderit Adam,
Et Eva neus fuerat, quis generosus erat?
  10046
When ale is in, wit is out. HE.  10047
When all England is aloft,
weel are they that are in Christ’s Croft;
and where should Christ’s Croft be,
but between Ribble and Mersey?
  Mr. Higson’s MSS. Coll. for Droylsden, &c. Christ’s Croft was the name given to the lands granted by the Conqueror to Roger de Poictou, “inter Ripam et Mersham.” See Harland and Wilkinson’s Lancashire Legends, 1873, p. 184–5. Another version is:
        “When all the world shall be aloft,
then Hallamshire shall be God’s Croft.”
  10048
When all fruit fails, welcome haws!  10049
When all is gone, and nothing laft,
what good does the dagger with the dudgeon haft. CL.
  See Nares’ Glossary, 1859, art. Dudgeon, and Moor’s Suffolk Words, 1823, 159–60.
  10050
When all men say you are an ass, it is time to bray.  10051
When all sins grow old, covetousness is young. H.  10052
When an ass climbs a ladder, we may find wisdom in women.  10053
When an old man will not drink, go to see him in another world.  10054
When April blows his horn, / it’s good for hay and corn.
  That is, when it thunders in April; for thunder is usually accompanied with rain.—R.
  10055
When bale is hext, / boot is next, / quoth Hendyng.
  Reliq. Antiq., i. 112; “When bale is att hyest, boott is at next.”—Sir Aldingar. “When the bale is in hest, thenne is the bote nest.” “When bale is greatest, then is bote a nie bore.”—The Testament of Love (Chaucer’s Works, 1602, fol. 288 verso). When things are come to the worst, they’ll mend. Cùm duplicantur, lateres venit Moses. When the tale of bricks is doubled, then comes Moses.—Mediæval.
  10056
When bees are old they yield no honey.  10057
When Bredon-hill puts on his hat,
ye men of the vale, beware of that.
  Bredon-hill is in Worcestershire; the “hat” is of course, as in two other proverbs of the same tenor (infra), the heavy cloud which covers the apex of the hill previously to heavy rain or a thunder-storm. (Mr. Higson’s MSS. Coll.). The hill is remarkable for its height and also for the magnitude of its base. Squire Rudge, who used to own the Abbey manor and other property here, made himself unpopular by his exactions as a landlord, and a toast among the farmers is said to have been: “Here’s the Squire! wish him in Hell, with Bredon Hill at the door.”
  10058
When Candlemas day is come and gone,
the snow won’t lie on a hot stone.
  10059
When candles be out all cats be grey. HE.
  [Greek]. A nuit tous les chats sont gris.—Fr. De noche todos los gatos son pardos. Span.—R.
  10060
When caught by the tempest, wherever it be,
if it lightens and thunders, beware of a tree. D.
  10061
When Cheviot ye see put on his cap,
of rain ye’ll have a wee bit drap.
  Higson’s MSS. Coll.
  10062
When children stand quiet, they have done some harm.  10063
When clouds appear like rocks and towers,
the earth’s refreshed with frequent showers. D.
  This proverb is sufficiently homely, yet the first line reminds us of the description of the clouds in Antony and Cleopatra, act iv. sc. 2; but the commonest observer must have seen the “tower’d citadel” and the “pendant rock.”—Halliwell.
  10064
When clubs are trumps, Aldermaston house shakes.
  Lysons (Berkshire, 1230–1) does not refer to this tradition, nor does Pettigrew in his paper on Amy Robsart, 1859. In England’s Gazetteer, 1751, the name is spelled Aldermarston. The house was almost rebuilt in 1636 by Sir Humphrey Forster, but the family seems to have been settled there at least as early as 1472. Aldermarston overlooks the river Kennet, and is three miles from Alchester, eight from Reading. The property subsequently passed to the Stawells and the Congreves. In 1712 the Ledbetters were in possession.
  The Forsters are more popularly celebrated in connection with the other residence which they had at Cumnor Place, near Abingdon, the scene of Amy Robsart’s death.
  10065
When Dighton is pulled down.  10066
Hull shall become a great town. Yorkshire.
  This is rather a prophecy than a proverb [or more properly speaking, it may be said to be one of those proverbs which turn upon a prophecy (seldom, by the by, fulfilled)]. Dighton is a small town, not a mile distant from Hull, and was in the time of the late war for the most part pulled down. Let Hull make the best they can of it.—R. 1670.
  10067
When dotterel do first appear, it shews that frost is very near;
But when that dotterel do go, then you may look for heavy snow.
  10068
When Dudman and Ramhead meet. Cornwall.
  “These are two forelands, well known to sailors, nigh twenty miles asunder; and the proverb passeth for the periphrasis of an impossibility.”—R.
  10069
When Easter-day falls on Our Lady’s Lap,
then let England beware a rap.
  Easter fell on March 25th, the day alluded to, in 1459, when Henry VI. was deposed and murdered; in 1638, when the Scotish troubles began, on which ensued the great rebellion in 1640–9, when Charles the First was beheaded.—Current Notes, January, 1853, p. 3. It did so again in 1883, 1894 and will in 1951. Easter Day appears also to have fallen on March 25 in 1663, 1674, 1731 and 1742.
  10070
When every one gets his own, you’ll get the gallows.  10071
When every one takes care of himself, care is taken of all.  10072
When flatterers meet, the devil goes to dinner.  10073
When fools throw stools, wise men must take heed of their shins.
  Rice Boye, Just Defence of the Importunate Beggers Importunity, 1636, p. 12.
  10074
When fortune smiles on thee, take advantage.
  New Help to Discourse, 1721, p. 134.
  10075
When foxes-brewings go to Cocking,
foxes-brewings come back dropping.
  Allusive to Cocking in Sussex and a misty exhalation observed on the escarpment of the Downs in unsettled weather among the beech foliage. See Lower’s Compend. Hist. of Sussex, 1870, p. 119.
  10076
When foxes preach, beware your geese.
  “Yet whiles I preache, beware the Geese, for so it shall behoue.”—The Foxe to the Huntesman in the Noble Art of Venerie, 1575, Gascoigne’s Works, by Hazlitt, i. 414, ii. 318. Le renard preche aux poules. Fr.
  10077
When friends meet, hearts warm.  10078
When God will, no wind but brings rain. H.
  Deus undecunque juvat modò propitius.—Eras. La ou Dieu veut, il pleut. Fr.
  10079
When gold speaks, you may hold your tongue.
  The Italians say, Dove l’oro parla, ogni lingua tace.
  10080
When good cheer is lacking, / our friends will be packing. CL.
  El pan comido la compaña deshecha. Span.—R.
  10081
When Halden hath a hat, / Kenton may beware a skat.
  This often-quoted [Devonshire] saying is curiously illustrated by a passage from the romance of Sir Gawayn and the Grene Knicht (Madden’s Sir Gawayn, p. 77):
        “Mist muged on the mor, malt on the mountes,
Uch hille had a hatte, a myst-hakel huge.”
There is no lack of similar sayings.
  10082
When he dies for age, ye may quake for fear.  10083
When he should work, every finger is a thumb.  10084
When Heytor rock wears a hood,
Manxton folk may expect no good. S. Devon.
  10085
When honour grew mercenary, money grew honourable.  10086
When I am dead, make me a caudle.
  Observations on L’Estrange’s Comment on Æsop, 1700, p. 87–8.
  10087
When I did well, I heard it never;
when I did ill, I heard it ever.
  10088
When I have thatched his house, he would throw me down.
  [Greek]. I have taught thee to dive, and thou seekest to drown me.—R.
  10089
When I lent, I was a friend: / when I asked, I was unkind.
  MS. of the 16th cent., in Rel. Antiq., i. 208.
  10090
When ill-luck falls asleep, let nobody wake her.  10091
When it gangs up i’ sops, / it’ll fau down i’ drops.
  A North Country proverb, the sops being the small detached clouds hanging on the sides of a mountain.—Halliwell.
  10092
When it pleaseth not God, the saint can do little.  10093
When it rains pottage, you must hold up your dish.  10094
When it rains with the wind in the east,
it rains for twenty-four hours at least. East Anglia.
  Forby’s Vocab., 417.
  10095
When it thunders, the thief becomes honest. H.  10096
When it’s dark at Dover, / it is dark all the world over.
  Skeat’s ed. of Pegge’s Kenticisms, 88.
  10097
When love is in the case, the doctor’s an ass.  10098
When Luna lowers, / then April showers.
  Taylor’s Shilling, or the Travailes of Twelve Pence [1622].
  10099
When Lundy is high, it will be dry;
When Lundy is plain, it will be rain;
When Lundy is low, it will be snow.
  A weather proverb referring to Lundy Island and its aspect from the Cornish coast.
  10100
When maidens sue, men live like gods.  10101
When many strike on an anvil, they must strike by measure.  10102
When meat is in anger is out. CL.  10103
When millers toll not with a golden thumb.
  Gascoigne’s Works, by Hazlitt, ii. 211.
  10104
When mist doth rise from Belvoir Hole,
O, then be sure the weather’s foul.
  10105
When my head’s down, my house is theekit.  10106
When my house burns, ’tis not good playing at chess. H.  10107
When my ship comes home.
  i.e., When I get some money. This expression is still (1906) very common, and appears to have come down to us from the time when merchant adventure was one of the characteristics of the age, and when the arrival of a single ship with a rich cargo was perhaps sufficient to lay the foundation of a moderate fortune. But many persons still depend for their living on their interest as sharers in a ship or ships.
  10108
When old age is evil, youth can learn no good.  10109
When one biddeth thee, it is no sin to drink.
  MS. of the 15th cent., ap. Retr. Rev., 3rd. S., ii. 309.
  10110
When Oxford draws knife, England is soon at strife.
  Green, Hist. of Engl. People, 1881, i. 202. In reference to the early tumultuous struggles on religious matters at Oxford.
  10111
When passion entereth at the foregate, wisdom goeth out of the postern.  10112
When Plymouth was a vuzzy down,
Plympton was a borough-town. Devonshire.
  From a letter addressed by William Hawkins (brother of the sailor) to Sir W. Cecil, Jan. 22, 1568–9, it appears that at that time Plymouth was a very poor place, though no longer “a vuzzy down.”
  10113
When prayers are done, my lady is ready. H.  10114
When pride rides, shame lacqueys.  10115
When riches increase, the body decreaseth.
  “For,” observes Ray, “most men grow old before they grow rich.”
  10116
When Rosebery Topping wears a cap,
let Cleveland then beware of a clap. C.
  Cotton MS. Julius, F. C., 455, printed in Antiq. Repert., ed. 1807, vol. iii. p. 307, in an old account of Gisborough, co. York. The writer observes on this saying: “Towards the west [of Gisborough] there stands a highe hill called Rosberry toppinge, which is a marke to the seamen and an almanac to the Vale, for they have thys oulde ryme common,” &c. “[Roseberry is] a lofty conical-shaped hill in the North Riding of the county of York. The rap [clap] alluded to is, in plain language, a thunderstorm.”—D. The proverb is in Leigh’s England Described, 1659, p. 233.
  10117
When round the moon there is a brugh,
the weather will be cold and rough. D.
  Brugh = halo.—D.
  10118
When sharpers prey upon one another, there’s no game abroad.  10119
When Sheffield Park is ploughed and sown,
then, little England, hold thine own.
  It had been ploughed and sown even in Ray’s time.
  10120
When the age is in, the wit is out.
  Much Ado about Nothing, iii. v.
  10121
When the aspen leaves are no bigger than your nail,
is the time to look out for truff and peel.
  Notes and Queries, 1st S., ii. 511.
  10122
When the barn’s full, you may thresh before the door.  10123
When the bell begins to toll, / Lord have mercy on the soul.  10124
When the belly is full the bones would be at rest. C.  10125
When the cat is away, / the mice may play. CL.
  The Batchellors Banquet, 1603, ed. 1677, sign. B 2. Heywood’s Woman Kilde with Kindnesse, 1607, repr. 141. “Les rats se promenent à l’aise, là ou il n’y a point de chats. Fr. Quando la gatta non è in casa, i sorici ballano. Ital. Vanse los gatos, y estiendense los ratos. Span.”—R.
  10126
When the Charleses wear a cap, the clouds weep. Sussex.
  See Lower’s History of Sussex, 1870, i. 39, 40.
  10127
When the child’s christened, you may have godfathers enough.
  New Help to Discourse, 1721, p. 135.
  10128
When the clouds are on the hills,
they’ll come down by the mills.
  10129
When the clouds of the morn to the west fly away,
You may safely rely on a settled fair day.
  10130
When the corn is in the shock,
the fish are on the rock. Cornwall.
  An allusion to the correspondence of the fishing season with the harvest—more especially the pilchard fishery.
  10131
When the crow flees, her tail follows.  10132
When the crow’s feet grow under her eyes.
  Gascoigne’s Works, by Hazlitt, ii. 65.—A metaphrase for advancing years.
  10133
When the cuckoo comes to the bare thorn,
sell your cow and buy your corn:
but when she comes to the full bit,
sell your corn and buy you sheep.
  10134
When the cuckoo picks up the dirt.
  i.e., In April. A metaphor for the arrival of spring and fair weather.
  10135
When the cup is fullest, bear yourself most moderately, quoth Hendyng.
  P. of H. (Reliq. Antiq., i. 112). “When the coppe is follest, thenne ber hire feyrest, quoth Hendyng,” i.e., be moderate in prosperity.
  10136
When the daughter is stolen, shut Pepper Gate. Chester.
  See Strutt’s Sports and Pastimes, ed. Hone, 95. “Pepper gate, says Grose, was a postern on the east side of the city of Chester. The mayor of the city having his daughter stolen away by a young man through that gate, whilst she was playing at ball with the other maidens, his worship, out of revenge, caused it to be closed up.”—R. Comp. When the steed, &c.,—the later form, which is in Heywood. And see Lysons, M. B. Cheshire, 613. Pepper Gate was also known as Woolffield or Woolf Gate, and led to Pepper Street.
  10137
When the devil is blind. WALKER.  10138
When the devil prays, he has a booty in his eye.  10139
When the devil’s a hog, you shall eat bacon.  10140
When the devil’s a vicar, thou shalt be his clerk.  10141
When the devil’s dead, there is a wife for Humphrey.  10142
When the dog is beaten out of the room, where will they lay their stink?  10143
When the drink goes in, the wit goes out.
        “Als de vien in der man,
Dan is de wieshied in de kan.”
—Dutch saying.    
  10144
When the elder is white, brew and bake a peck;
when the elder is black, brew and bake a sack. D.
  10145
When the fern begins to look red,
then milk is good with brown bread:
when the fern is as high as a ladle,
you may sleep as long as you’re able:
when the fern is as high as a spoon,
you may sleep an hour at noon.
  The custom of sleeping after dinner in the summer-time is general in Italy and other hot countries, so that from one to three or four of the clock in the afternoon you scarce see any one stirring about the streets of their cities. The Schola Salernitana condemns this practice. Sit brevis aut nullus tibi somnus meridianus: Febris, pigrities, capitis dolor, atque Catarrhus: hæc tibi proveniunt ex somno meridiano. But it may be this advice was intended for us English (to whose king this book was dedicated) rather than the Italians, or other inhabitants of hot countries, who in the summer would have enough to do to keep themselves awake after dinner. The best way for us in colder climates is to abstain; but if we must needs sleep (as the Italian physicians advise), either to take a nod sitting in a chair, or, if we lie down, strip off our clothes as at night, and go into bed, as the present Duke of Tuscany himself practises, and advises his subjects to do, but by no means lie down upon a bed in our clothes.
  It is observed by good housewives that milk is thicker in the autumn than in the summer, notwithstanding the grass must be more hearty, the juice of it being better concocted by the heat of the sun in summer-time. I conceive the reason to be, because the cattle drink water abundantly by reason of their heat in summer, which doth much dilute their milk.—R. 1670.
  10146
When the fox is full, he pulleth geese.
  MS. of the 15th cent. cited in Retrosp. Rev., ii. 309 (3rd S.)
  10147
When the friar’s beaten, then comes James. CL.
  Walker’s Parœmiologia, 1672. p. 10. [Greek].
  10148
When the frog and mouse would take up the quarrel, the kite decided it.  10149
When the good man is from home, the good wife’s table is soon spread.  10150
When the head acheth, all the body is the worse. HE.
        Dum caput infestat
Labor, omnia membra molestat.—R.
  10151
When the head is hot, the hand is ready.  10152
When the heart is afire, some sparks will fly out of the mouth.  10153
When the horse is starved, you bring him oats.  10154
When the house is burnt down, you bring water.  10155
When the husband drinks to the wife, all would be well; when the wife drinks to the husband, all is well.  10156
When the husband is fire and the wife tow, the devil easily sets them in a flame.  10157
When the iron is hot, strike. HE.*  10158
When the maggot bites.
  On the spur of the moment.
  10159
When the maid leaves the door open, the cat’s in fault.  10160
When the mare hath a bald face, the filly will have a blaze.  10161
When the mist comes from the hill,
then good weather it doth spill:
when the mist comes from the sea,
then good weather it will be. D.
  10162
When the moon’s in the fall, then wit’s in the wane. D.  10163
When the musician hath forgot his note,
he makes as though a crumb had stuck in his throat. CL.
  10164
When the oat puts on his gosling gray,
’tis time to sow barley night and day. D.
  10165
When the old dog barks, he giveth counsel.  10166
When the old hen hatched such eggs, the devil was in the cockscomb.
  Pappe with an Hatchet, 1589, sign. C 2 verso.
  10167
When the ox falls, there are many that will help to kill him.  10168
When the pig is proffered, hold up the poke. HE.
  Quando te dieren la vaquilla, acude con la soguilla. Span. Never refuse a good offer.—R.
  10169
When the pigeons go a benting,
then the farmers lie lamenting. East Anglia.
  Forty’s Vocab., p. 417.
  10170
When the pot boils over, it cooleth itself.  10171
When the psalm is ended, we then sing the Gloria.  10172
When the rain raineth and the goose winketh,
little wots the gosling what the goose thinketh.
  Skelton’s Garlande of Lawrell, 1523. Sir W. Vaughan, in his Golden Fleece, 1626, sign. p. verso, substitutes the gander for the gosling. There is another version: When the cat winketh, little wots the mouse what the cat thinketh.
  10173
When the sand doth feed the clay,
England woe and well a day:
but when the clay doth feed the sand,
then it’s well with Old England.
  Because there is more clay than sandy ground in England.—R.
  10174
When the shepherd is angry with the sheep, he sends them a blind guide.  10175
When the sky falleth, we shall have larks. HE.
        “We shall haue Larkes when the skie doth fall,
Then wee shall haue fire to rost them withall.”
Davies of Heref. Sc. of Folly (1611), sign. M 5.    
  Appius and Virginia, 1575, apud Dodsley, xii. 353; Day’s Ile of Gvls, 1606, sign. H 4 verso. Sir John Harington, in an epigram addressed about 1604 to Mr., afterwards Sir John Davies, says to him in allusion to the perils attendant on dancing with pretty women (Sir J. D. had published his Poem on Dancing in 1596):
        “Then bear with me, though yet to you a stranger,
To warn you of the like, nay greater, danger,
For though none fear the falling of these sparks;
(And when they fall, ’twill be good catching larks),
And this may fall—”
  Harington had the present proverb in his mind; but its meaning here is rather obscure. It is also cited in Randolph’s Hey for Honesty, 1651 (Works, by Hazlitt, 1875, p. 451). At the time when the quails migrate into Europe, they arrive on the Bosphorus and adjacent localities in such extraordinary numbers, that it is said to rain quails.
  10176
When the sloe-tree is as white as a sheet,
sow your barley, whether it be dry or wet.
  10177
When the smoke goes west, / good weather is past:
When the smoke goes east, / good weather comes neist [next.] D.
  10178
When the steed is stolen, shut the stable-door.
  Marriage of Wit and Wisdom, circa 1570. Sh. Soc. ed. 55. “Now the horse is stolen, I shut the stable door.”—Fulwell’s Like Will to Like, 1568. “Serrar la stalla quando s’han perduti i buovi. Ital. A tort ferme l’om l’estable, quant le cheval est perduz” O. Fr. Despues de ydo el conejo, tomamos el consejo. Span. Quandoquidem accepto claudenda est ianua damno.—Juv. Sat., 13. Sero elypeum post vulnera sumo.—Ovid. [Greek].—Lucian.”—R. Compare When the daughter, &c.
  10179
When the sun is highest, he casts the least shadow.  10180
When the sun sets bright and clear,
an easterly wind you need not fear. D.
  10181
When the sun sets in a bank,
a westerly wind we shall not want. D.
  10182
When the sun shineth make hay. HE.
  Noctes Templariæ, 1599 (Manning’s Mem. of Sir B. Ruddyerd).
        “Whan the sunne shinth, make hay, whiche is to say,
Take time whan time comth, lest time steale away.”—Heywood.
  10183
When the wares be gone, shut up the shop-windows.  10184
When the weasel and the cat make a marriage,
it is a very ill presage.
  10185
When the weirling shrieks at night,
sow the seed with the morning light;
but ware when the cuckoo swells its throat,
harvest flies from the mooncall’s note.
  See N. and Q., 4th S., i. p. 614. The writer says: “I have little doubt that the cuckoo and mooncall are the same;” but this is doubted by another correspondent (ii. 22). The saying does not seem, certainly, to be peculiar to East Anglia, as it has been met with in Yorkshire, &c. Forby (Vocab. of E. Anglia, 1830) does not refer to it, however, at all.
  10186
When the winds in the east,
’tis neither good for man nor beast;
  The east wind with us is commonly very sharp, because it comes off the Continent. Midland countries of the same latitude are generally colder than maritime, and continents than islands; and it is observed in England that near the seaside, as in the county of Cornwall, &c., the snow seldom lies three days.—R.
        when the wind’s in the north,
the skilful fisher goes not forth:
when the wind’s in the south,
it blows the bait in the fishes’ mouth;
  This is an observation that holds true all over Europe, and I believe in a great part of Asia, too. For Italy and Greece the ancient Latin and Greek poets witness; as Ovid, Madidis notus evolat alis: and speaking of the south, Metamorph. 1, he saith, Contraria tellus nubibus assiduis pluvioque madescit ab Austro. Homer calls the north wind [Greek]. Pliny saith, In totum venti omnes à Septentrione sicciores quàm à meridie (lib. ii., cap. 47). For Judæa, in Asia, the Scripture gives testimony, Prov. xxv. 23. The north wind drives away rain. Wherefore, by the rule of contraries, the south wind must bring it. The reason of this, with the ingenious philosopher Des Cartes, I conceive to be, because those countries which lie under and near to the course of the sun, being sufficiently heated by his almost perpendicular beams, send up a multitude of vapours into the air, which, being kept in constant agitation by the same heat that raised them, require a great space to perform their motions in; and now still ascending, they must needs be cast off part to the south and part to the north of the sun’s course; so that were there no winds, the parts of the earth towards the north and south poles would be most full of clouds and vapours. Now, the north wind blowing, keeps back those vapours, and causes clear weather in these Northern parts: but the south wind brings store of them along with it, which by the cold of the air are here condensed into clouds and fall down in rain. Which account is confirmed by what Pliny reports of Africa, loc. cit.: Permutant et duo naturam cum situ: Auster Africæ serenus, Aquilo nubilus. The reason is, because Africa being under or near the course of the sun, the south wind carries away the vapours there ascending; but the north wind detains them; and so partly by compressing, partly by cooling them, causes them to condense and descend in showers.—R.
        when the wind’s in the west,
then ’tis at the very best.
  10187
When the wind’s in the east on Candlemas Day,
there it will stick till the second of May.
  Notes and Queries, 1st S., v. 462; vi. 238, 334, 421.
  If the wind is in the east on the 21st March, when the sun crosses the line, it is said that it will continue there a long time. But this is not so.
  10188
When the wine is run out, you’d stop the leak.  10189
When thou dost hear a toll or knell,
then think upon thy passing bell.
  10190
When three daws are seen on St. Peter’s vane together,
then we are sure to have bad weather.
  i.e., St. Peter’s, Norwich. Mr. Higson’s MSS. Coll. for Droylsden, &c.
  10191
When thrift and you fell first at a fray,
you played the man, and thrift ran away. HE.*
  10192
When thrift’s in the town, then some are in the field. DS.  10193
When thy neighbour’s house doth burn, be careful of thine own.
  Tua res agitur paries cum proximus ardet.—R. The saying, a little varied, occurs in a News Letter of 1641.
  10194
When Tom’s pitcher is broken I shall have the sheards.
  Kindness after others are done with it, the refuse.—R.
  10195
When Tottenham wood is all on fire,
then Tottenham street is but mire.
  Bedwell’s Description of Tottenham, 1631, ch. 3. That is, when Tottenham wood, standing on a high hill at the west end of the parish, hath a foggy mist hanging over it in manner of a smoke, then generally foul weather followeth. Tottenham wood, it is said, supplied formerly a part of London with fuel.—R.
  10196
When trading fails, to turn tippler. CL.  10197
When two friends have a common purse, one sings and the other weeps.  10198
When two Sundays come together.
  Haughton’s Englishmen for my Money, written about 1598 (Hazlitt’s Dodsley, x. 502).
  10199
When Watchet is all washed down,
Williton shall be a sea-port town. Somerset.
  There is a play of course on Watchet and Washed.
  10200
When we do ill, the devil tempteth us; when we do nothing, we tempt him.  10201
When we have gold, we are in fear; when we have none, we are in danger.  10202
When whins are out of bloom, kissing is out of fashion. D.
  Whins are never out of bloom. The same may be said of groundsel.—D. And of furze or gorse.
  10203
When wine sinks, words swim.  10204
When, with panniers astride, / a packhorse can ride
through St. Levan’s stone, / the world will be done.
  St. Levan’s stone is a great rock in the churchyard of St. Levan, co. Cornwall.—Halliwell.
  10205
When you are all agreed upon the time, quoth the Vicar, I’ll make it rain.
  This is a good satire on those (fools or hypocrites, or both?) who command prayers for wet or dry weather.
  10206
When you are an anvil, hold you still;
when you are a hammer, strike your fill. H.
  10207
When you are at Rome, do as Rome does.  10208
When you die, your trumpeter will be buried.  10209
When you go to dance, take heed whom you take by the hand.  10210
When you have no observers, be afraid of yourself.  10211
When you ride a colt, see your saddle be girt.
  New Help to Discourse, 1721, p. 134.
  10212
 

 
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