E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
The best age; as the golden age of innocence, the golden age of literature. Chronologers divide the time between Creation and the birth of Christ into ages; Hesiod describes five, and Lord Byron adds a sixth, The Age of Bronze. (See AGE, AUGUSTAN.)
i. The Golden Age of Ancient Nations:
(1) NEW ASSYRIAN EMPIRE. From the reign of Esar-haddon or Assur Adon (Assyrias prince), third son of Sennacherib, to the end of Saracs reign (B.C. 691606).
(2) CHALDÆO - BABYLONIAN EMPIRE. From the reign of Nabopolassar or Nebopul-Assur (Nebo the great Assyrian) to that of Belshazzar or Bel-shah-Assur (Bel king-of Assyria) (B.C. 606538).
(3) CHINA. The Tâng dynasty (626684), and especially the reign of Taetsong (618626).
(4) EGYPT. The reigns of Sethos I. and Rameses II. (B.C. 13361224).
(5) MEDIA. The reign of Cyaxares or Kai-ax-Arës (the-king son-of Mars) (B.C. 634594).
(6) PERSIA. The reigns of Khosru I., and II. (531628).
ii. The Golden Age of Modern Nations.
(1) ENGLAND. The reign of Elizabeth (15581603).
(2) FRANCE. Part of the reigns of Louis XIV. and XV. (16401740).
(3) GERMANY. The reign of Charles V. (15191558).
(4) PORTUGAL. From John I. to the close of Sebastians reign (13831578). In 1580 the crown was seized by Felipe II. of Spain.
(5) PRUSSIA. The reign of Frederick the Great (17401786).
(6) RUSSIA. The reign of Czar Peter the Great (16721725).
(7) SPAIN. The reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, when the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united (14741516).
(8) SWEDEN. From Gustavus Vasa to the close of the reign of Gustavus Adolphus (15231632).