E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
signifies a skull, and corresponds to the French word chaumont. Probably it designated a bare hill or rising ground, having some fanciful resemblance to the form of a bald skull.
Golgotha seems not entirely unconnected with the hill of Gareb, and the locality of Goath, mentioned in Jeremiah xxxi. 39, on the north-west of the city. I am inclined to fix the place where Jesus was crucified on the mounds which command the valley of Hinnom, above Birket-Mamila.Renan: Life of Jesus, chap. xxv.
Golgotha, at the University church, Cambridge, was the gallery in which the heads of the houses sat; so called because it was the place of skulls or heads. It has been more wittily than truly said that Golgotha was the place of empty skulls.